Central German dialects include Ripuarian , Moselle Franconian , Central Hessian , East Hessian , North Hessian , Thuringian , North Upper Saxon , Rhine Franconian , Lorraine Franconian , Silesian German , High Prussian , Lausitzisch-neumärkisch and Upper Saxon . It is spoken in the southeastern Netherlands, eastern Belgium, Luxembourg, parts of France, and in Germany approximately between the River Main and the southern edge of the Lowlands. Modern Standard German is based on Central and Upper German, but the usual German term for modern Standard German is Hochdeutsch , that is, High German .
East Franconian ( German : Ostfränkisch ), usually referred to as Franconian ( Fränkisch ) in German, is a dialect which is spoken in Franconia, the northern part of the federal state of Bavaria and other areas in Germany around Nuremberg , Bamberg , Coburg , Würzburg , Hof , Bayreuth , Meiningen , Bad Mergentheim , and Crailsheim . The major subgroups are Unterostfränkisch (spoken in Lower Franconia and southern Thuringia), Oberostfränkisch (spoken in Upper and Middle Franconia) and Südostfränkisch (spoken in some parts of Middle Franconia and Hohenlohe ).